Plaster Casts in Education
Drawing after plaster casts was the general part of drawing education in the 18th–19th centuries. The plaster casts used as samples can be classified as geometrical solids, Ancient Greek and Roman, Renaissance Portrait Sculpture, Ancient Greek and Roman, Renaissance Architectural details, natural forms (floral, animal), anatomical structure of the human body. This latter consists of the écorché firgures and relief casts depicting the details of the human body (eyes, nose, mouth, ears).
In the 1890s, the Metropolitan Municipal Technical Drawing School acquired its plaster cast collection from the plaster cast atelier of the Metropolitan Hungarian Royal Paedagogium (Budapesti Magyar Királyi Állami Paedagogium).
Later, in the first decades of the 20th century, the plaster cast atelier of the Metropolitan Hungarian Royal Architectural Technical School (Budapesti Magyar Királyi Állami Felső (építő) Ipariskola) assured the resupply of plaster casts. In 1888, according to the yearbooks, the Metropolitan Municipal Technical
Drawing School possessed approximately 1.300 pieces, by 1900, the number of the casts for everyday drawing practice increased over 1.600. The number of the casts decreased gradually during the decades due to their fragility. Today only a couple of hundreds of the whole collection remained from the historical plaster casts.
The inventory of the remained part of the plaster cast collection is an ongoing process currently.
Database of the Collection of Plaster Casts and Sculptures
Architectural Plaster Casts
Anatomical Plaster Casts